Francisco MANGADO

Office Building at the Place de L´Europe in París+



45.000 m2

The city of Paris has almost exhausted its possibilities of building in the center. For this reason the surfaces that may be freed up after covering the railway tracks become real-estate targets. In this case the objective is to take up, basically with offices and commercial facilities, the space that would remain over the platforms of Saint-Lazare station in the area located between the former and Plaçe de l’Europe.

The designed proposal offers both an infrastructural and urban reply. The structural and technical significance of the project brings us back to the impressive spaces left by the large nineteenth-century stations. A space of this kind would be able on its own to gather the strength and richness that an intervention of such urban dimensions demands. Hence, this idea is materialized with a vast metal structure clad in aluminum that configures the large enclosure of the whole intervention and also supplies its urban image. Aside from solving the structural operation of covering the tracks and providing the complex with parking areas, this deep and tectonic skin also generates a large public space, resembling the 19th century metal structures, whose interiors accommodate the different glazed volumes containing offices as well as leisure and commercial functions.

Place de l'Europe, 75008 París, Francia

Livre Circulaçao, Arquitectos Europeus em Transito
Caleidoscopio (Portugal)
TC Cuadernos 72-73: Francisco Mangado. Arquitectura 1998-2006
AV Proyectos #14: Plazas y Parques
Monastery, Church and Health Center in Goa
Located in the northwestern part of Goa, close to the capital and some 30 kilometers from the place where Saint Francis Xavier is buried, the monastery will rise on a stone pedestal and have wide sweeping views of the wonderful landscape of local palm trees. The Indian Ocean provides a remarkable backdrop, and sometimes, from afar, over the morning mist, one can discern the towers and pediments of old churches built by Portuguese colonizers.The building will be the new home of some thirty nuns. It will also have a social center offering training courses for women, as well as facilities for retreats that can be used by the numerous missionaries and members of religious orders living in this part of the world.The monastery is organized around very open courtyards where air can flow freely, an important thing in a place where the lowest temperature during the year is 27ºC and humidity gets close to 90%. There is a church that is open to the public, a private chapel, places to work in, a library, and, just as the nuns and other future users instructed the architect, “places in which space, light, proportions, everything, is conducive to prayer.Everything will be built with the local stone, the same stone that comes from the ground the building sits on, an extraordinarily porous, red stone that gradually takes on the dark hue of time past. So it is that the monastery comes across as a continuation of the mountain itself. Inside and out, everything will be simple and austere, in accordance with the principles of the order.
Office Building for Gamesa Eólica
The building is configured as a large excavated mineral, open in its interior to let the landscaped gardens become part of the construction all the way to its geometric center. The exterior perimeter, clear and delimited, contrasts with the broken and open interior one. As much the geometry of the building as its external materialization, with laminar glass sheets that have in their interior a stainless steel mesh that generates reflections and mineral textures with the impact of light, stress this idea of configuring a mineral piece, attractive in formal terms.So conceived, the piece rests in the 'place' and makes it its own. The plot is not a mere perimeter of the building, but actually becomes part of it creating spatial and visual complexities, blurring and enriching the boundary between interior and exterior. This circumstance makes it possible to establish a fruitful dialogue between the building and the place.The project had to include a broad and relatively complex program divided into functional areas. During the work process there were several meetings with the client to determine the functional organization of the building, but the more conceptual decisions linked to the architecture are the ones that have given the complex functional clarity and, in the end, sufficient capacity to adapt to the changes of future programs.The exterior perimeter is configured with the spaces and offices that, according to the program, must be enclosed, with acoustic privacy. The interior perimeter, flowing onto the large gardened central space, takes on the spatial character of an open-plan office.Though the perimeter of the building is not closed (it is substantially a U-shaped floor plan), there is a level, the upper one, where the perimeter is extended by way of a “bridge” that permits the communication of uses without unnecessary circulation movements. The exterior perimeter of the building is oriented towards the south, east and west; and the large interior garden, more protected, faces north. The whole exterior facade is designed as a double glazed and ventilated facade whose climatic properties, especially in winter, are well known. The interior space is protected from wind and, generously lined as it is with tall trees, becomes a cool place in summer, a lung that guarantees natural air-conditioning.
New Technologies Training Center
The proposal for the Center for New Technologies of Santiago de Compostela is based on two essential ideas. The first one springs from the conception of the place and its process of topographic adaptation, and the second entails a sense of efficiency. Efficiency having to do in this case both with the speed in which the project must be executed and with the fact, strictly functional, that the resulting building may need to undergo variations in program over the years.The building is laid out in two parallel pieces separated by a large glazed courtyard. The first piece rests on the higher and narrower area of the site, and contains the access as well as all the uses which may be considered ‘complementary’ to the academic and other general activities of the building (control, administration, services and systems); and the second piece goes up on the lower area of the terrain, oriented towards the south, orderly and smoothly gathering all the classrooms and workshops in such a way that these can be subdivided or brought together in accordance with the different needs and circumstances. Both pieces are connected by a series of bridges, more or less wide, which hover above a landscaped surface full of trees. A wider piece (supported off by the two prisms and located next to the entry to provide direct access from the exterior) contains the assembly hall. The cafeteria and library take up a relevant position in the upper part of the building with panoramic views onto the horizon and the buildings that surround the church of Santa Mercé.The surrounding terrain thereby manages to sneak into the building in the form of a garden, structuring the construction as a sequence of volumes adapted to the topography where the rich and textured granite walls, retaining and enclosure walls, shall engage in dialogue establishing a contrast with the smooth walls clad in marine aluminum sheet treated with sand and glass blasting, the two materials that define the final appearance of the building. The adopted solution is also expressed through a logical construction system. The tight construction deadlines suggested developing a system of structures based on prefabricated concrete and light and dry construction. Considering the assigned uses, and their foreseeable variation, the systems are mainly exposed.